Who created Facebook: lucky or hard worker?
Every 7th inhabitant of the planet is registered on Facebook. Almost everyone knows the word “Facebook”. Like the name of the creator of this social network – Mark Zuckerberg. If at one time Mark had not left Harvard and seriously engaged in Facebook, then the world would have got another psychologist sitting in an easy chair and asking: “Do you want to talk about this?” But thanks to Mark’s rebellious character and Jewish mentality, he walked towards his goal, regardless of anyone and stopping at nothing.
In this article, you will learn the history of the creation of the most popular social network in the world – Facebook.
Interesting facts about Facebook
- Zuckerberg is the 4th user on Facebook. The first three were test.
- In Egypt, one of the revolutionaries named his daughter after Facebook. Full name – Facebook Jamal Ibrahim.
- Facebook develops emoji based on user’s photos. The company filed a patent for this development in 2016.
- Microsoft, together with Facebook, launched the MAREA project in 2016. The idea is to lay a telecommunications cable along the bottom of the Atlantic Ocean from the United States to Spain. The giants coped with this task already in 2017.
- In 2016, the management announced the possibility of paying royalties to bloggers for interesting content.
- Instagram and WhatsApp messenger are also owned by Facebook.
- Mark Zuckerberg at 23 became the youngest billionaire on the planet.
- Access to Facebook is blocked in North Korea, Myanmar, China, Iran, Cuba.
How did it all begin?
Mark’s father is a dentist, and his mother is a psychiatrist. Mark is the second child in the family, he has 3 more sisters. In the sixth grade, he realized that the future belongs to computers, so he began to actively study programming languages. In his early years, he created a computer game. And then a program for his father, the purpose of which was to communicate with employees within his company.
After playing in his early years, Mark started developing a special application that automatically formed listeners’ playlists according to their musical preferences. It was called Synapse. It even caught the attention of Microsoft and AOL, who offered Mark a job on the condition that he transfer all copyrights to the company. Mark did not accept their offer.
What does Facebook mean?
Mark entered the Department of Psychology at Harvard. It was a non-standard solution for a programmer with great potential. Perhaps he decided to follow in the footsteps of his mother. But in parallel, Mark began to attend IT courses. It was at Harvard that Mark came up with the idea to create an online directory. But this idea was not Mark’s “invention of the wheel”. Prior to Harvard, Mark attended Philips-Exeter Academy, a private school.
At this school, Mark became the owner of an annual student directory, where you could see photos, phone numbers, and addresses of his classmates. The data in the book was updated once a year. This book was called “The Photo Address Book”. But among themselves, the students called it “The Facebook” for brevity and ease of communication. The book was popular with students. But as you understand, Mark was not its creator, despite the fact that the idea itself really appealed to him.
Facemash or Harvard Rebel
Mark once hacked into a Harvard University database. He copied private photos and wrote a simple site called Facemash. He posted a photo in pairs on the website and offered to choose according to the scale of attractiveness. So to speak, he arranged a “beauty contest” among the Harvard students. Only Harvard students had access to the site. Within 2 hours after the publication of the site on the Internet, 450 students visited it. There were 22,000 photo views. The numbers speak for themselves.
Unlike the students, the management did not approve of Mark’s trick. The site was closed. He was charged with breach of security and invasion of privacy. We can assume that it was a scandal. This case even received a separate article in the student newspaper Harvard Crimson. Mark could have been expelled, but the charges were dropped. Mark reopened the site for students, but at the same time began to write code for a new one.
The Facebook site launched quietly and very modestly in a dorm room at Harvard University. The domain was called “thefacebook.com” It happened on February 4, 2004. In addition to Mark, three other students worked on the site: Eduardo Saverin, Dustin Moskowitz and Chris Hughes.
The site was promoted by mailing letters to Harvard students, and half of Harvard students registered on the site in the first month. But immediately on the 6th day, claims to Mark appeared from the people from whom he borrowed the idea. Before Facebook existed, Harvard already had a site with a similar idea, HarvardConnection.com. It was created by brothers Cameron and Tyler Winklevoss, as well as their friend Divya Narendra.
Mark knew about the existence of this site. Therefore, he had to face the brothers’ accusations of stealing the main concept. The snowball of the scandal began with a revealing article in the Harvard intra-university newspaper Harvard Crimson. And he continued in court for several years. As a result, Facebook paid out $ 25 million in cash and $ 45 million in shares to the Winklevoss brothers.
History of Facebook
Initially, Facebook was promoted only among students at Harvard University. During the first month of the site’s existence, only Harvard students were registered. And then Mark decided that he needed to move on and set his sights on the so-called “Ivy League”, which included all the elite educational institutions. Mark has connected students from Stanford, Columbia and even Yale to his network. After that, the network became “available” for educational institutions in the United States and Canada. And then for the whole world. The snowball effect was triggered.
At first, Facebook existed on the enthusiasm and small investments of Eduardo Saverin. Servers had to be paid for. But when Facebook began to gain momentum, Mark decided that he needed to quit Harvard, look for investments and fully engage in the project. To do this, he moves to Silicon Valley, where he meets Sean Parker, the creator of the Napster file-sharing network.
Sean convinced Mark of the need to attract third-party funding for the future development of the project, especially since he already had “established networking” with the Silicon Valley financial tycoons.
The first investment of $ 500,000 was made by Peter Thiel, one of the founders of the PayPal payment system. This money allowed Facebook to attract 1 million subscribers in six months. This is how the story of venture investing for Facebook began. In mid-2004, Facebook is registered as a company, and Parker becomes its first president.
200 thousand dollars Facebook was worth buying a new domain name without the particle “the”, the primary version was thefacebook.com. So the world got facebook.com, which was no longer positioned as a service for students. Since September 26, 2006, access to the social network has become open to every Internet user over 13 years old who has an e-mail address. Now everyone could register for free to communicate with their friends.
The Evolution of Mark and Facebook
In February 2004, the Facebook site was launched. In mid-2004, Facebook is registered as a company. In 2007, Microsoft acquired a 1.6% stake in Facebook for $ 240 million. Thus, valuing the entire company at $ 15 billion. In October 2008, an international headquarters was opened in Dublin. In September 2009, profit was announced for the first time! On May 18, 2012, the IPO of Facebook was held, the largest among the placements of technology companies in the United States.
The very next day of this year, Mark Zuckerberg married his longtime girlfriend Priscilla Chan. The wedding was not timed to coincide with the company’s IPO, just Priscilla received her PhD in medicine. Mark had two daughters married to Priscilla.
In 2017, Facebook is still the most popular social network in the world.
What you can read and see about Facebook
- The Social Network (2010), directed by David Fincher.
- Book by David Kirkpatrick. “Social network. How Facebook Founder Made $ 4 Billion and Gained 500 Million Friends. ”
A few more words about Mark and his brainchild
Mark Zuckerberg is the second Steve Jobs, only in his category. Despite being a dollar billionaire, he dresses quite simply. He himself says that wearing a gray Facebook T-shirt in the morning saves him time. But in 2009, he wore a tie to work every day.
Mark is involved in charity work with his wife. For example, he organized free access to useful Internet resources in Africa. The project is called Internet.org.
Rumored to drive a regular Volkswagen Golf GTI. In 2012, Mark gave an open lecture about himself and the history of the Facebook company to the students of the Moscow State University. Lomonosov.
Regarding Facebook, this is not just one positive and multimillion-dollar profit. But there are also scandals, years of litigation, manipulation of public opinion and “a whole bucket of tar” in a barrel of honey. But despite this, the modern world can no longer imagine its existence without likes, comments and virtual friends. What interesting things do you know about Mark and Facebook?